Obtaining Lower Bounds from the Progressive Hedging Algorithm for Stochastic Mixed-Integer Programs

We present a method for computing lower bounds in the Progressive Hedging Algorithm (PHA) for two-stage and multi-stage stochastic mixed-integer programs. Computing lower bounds in the PHA allows one to assess the quality of the solutions generated by the algorithm contemporaneously. The lower bounds can be computed in any iteration of the algorithm by using … Read more

Toward Scalable Stochastic Unit Commitment – Part 1: Load Scenario Generation

Unit commitment decisions made in the day-ahead market and during subsequent reliability assessments are critically based on forecasts of load. Traditional, deterministic unit commitment is based on point or expectation-based load forecasts. In contrast, stochastic unit commitment relies on multiple load scenarios, with associated probabilities, that in aggregate capture the range of likely load time-series. … Read more

Toward Scalable Stochastic Unit Commitment – Part 2: Solver Configuration and Performance Assessment

In this second portion of a two-part analysis of a scalable computational approach to stochastic unit commitment, we focus on solving stochastic mixed-integer programs in tractable run-times. Our solution technique is based on Rockafellar and Wets’ progressive hedging algorithm, a scenario-based decomposition strategy for solving stochastic programs. To achieve high-quality solutions in tractable run-times, we … Read more

Stochastic Variational Inequalities:Residual Minimization Smoothing/Sample Average approximations

The stochastic variational inequality (SVI) has been used widely, in engineering and economics, as an effective mathematical model for a number of equilibrium problems involving uncertain data. This paper presents a new expected residual minimization (ERM) formulation for a class of SVI. The objective of the ERM-formulation is Lipschitz continuous and semismooth which helps us … Read more

Variational Convergence of Bifunctions: Motivating Applications

It’s shown that a number of variational problems can be cast as finding the maxinf-points (or minsup-points) of bivariate functions, coveniently abbreviated to bifunctions. These variational problems include: linear and nonlinear complementarity problems, fixed points, variational inequalities, inclusions, non-cooperative games, Walras and Nash equilibrium problems. One can then appeal to the theory of lopsided convergence … Read more

Scalable Heuristics for Stochastic Programming with Scenario Selection

We describe computational procedures to solve a wide-ranging class of stochastic programs with chance constraints where the random components of the problem are discretely distributed. Our procedures are based on a combination of Lagrangian relaxation and scenario decomposition, which we solve using a novel variant of Rockafellar and Wets’ progressive hedging algorithm. Experiments demonstrate the … Read more