Freight consolidation through carrier collaboration – A cooperative game

Reducing inefficient truck movements, this research investigates the potential of freight consolidation through carrier collaboration. Considering the financial benefits of consolidation and the additional cost arising from collaboration, we propose a cooperative game to explore under which circumstances carriers can collaborate. We show that stable cost allocations are not always possible, affecting stability and thus … Read more

Fast convergence of the primal-dual dynamical system and algorithms for a nonsmooth bilinearly coupled saddle point problem

\(\) This paper is devoted to study the convergence rates of a second-order dynamical system and its corresponding discretizations associated with a nonsmooth bilinearly coupled convex-concave saddle point problem. We derive the convergence rate of the primal-dual gap for the second-order dynamical system with asymptotically vanishing damping term. Based on the implicit discretization, we propose … Read more

A Jacobi-type Newton method for Nash equilibrium problems with descent guarantees

A common strategy for solving an unconstrained two-player Nash equilibrium problem with continuous variables is applying Newton’s method to the system obtained by the corresponding first-order necessary optimality conditions. However, when taking into account the game dynamics, it is not clear what is the goal of each player when considering they are taking their current … Read more

Solution methods for partial inverse combinatorial optimization problems in which weights can only be increased

Partial inverse combinatorial optimization problems are bilevel optimization problems in which the leader aims to incentivize the follower to include a given set of elements in the solution of their combinatorial problem. If the set of required elements defines a complete follower solution, the inverse combinatorial problem is solvable in polynomial time as soon as … Read more

Addressing Hierarchical Jointly-Convex Generalized Nash Equilibrium Problems with Nonsmooth Payoffs

We consider a Generalized Nash Equilibrium Problem whose joint feasible region is implicitly defined as the solution set of another Nash game. This structure arises e.g. in multi-portfolio selection contexts, whenever agents interact at different hierarchical levels. We consider nonsmooth terms in all players’ objectives, to promote, for example, sparsity in the solution. Under standard … Read more

Price of Anarchy in Paving Matroid Congestion Games

Congestion games allow to model competitive resource sharing in various distributed systems. Pure Nash equilibria, that are stable outcomes of a game, could be far from being socially optimal. Our goal is to identify combinatorial structures that limit the inefficiency of equilibria. This question has been mainly investigated for congestion games defined over networks. Instead, … Read more

Strategy Investments in Matrix Games

We propose an extension of matrix games where the row player may select rows and remove columns, subject to a budget constraint. We present an exact mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) formulation for the problem, provide analytical results concerning its solution, and discuss applications in the security domain. Our computational experiments show heuristic approaches on average … Read more

Solving Multi-Follower Games

We consider bilevel programs where a single leader interacts with multiple followers who are coupled by a Nash equilibrium problem at the lower level. We generalize the value function reformulation to include multiple followers. This allows us to propose a convergent method based on the sequential convex approximation paradigm, and study the (exact or inexact) … Read more

A Criterion Space Search Feasibility Pump Heuristic for Solving Maximum Multiplicative Programs

We study a class of nonlinear optimization problems with diverse practical applications, particularly in cooperative game theory. These problems are referred to as Maximum Multiplicative Programs (MMPs), and can be conceived as instances of “Optimization Over the Frontier” in multiobjective optimization. To solve MMPs, we introduce a feasibility pump-based heuristic that is specifically designed to … Read more

A Tutorial on Solving Single-Leader-Multi-Follower Problems using SOS1 Reformulations

In this tutorial we consider single-leader-multi-follower games in which the models of the lower-level players have polyhedral feasible sets and convex objective functions. This situation allows for classic KKT reformulations of the separate lower-level problems, which lead to challenging single-level reformulations of MPCC type. The main contribution of this tutorial is to present a ready-to-use … Read more