Strong Duality: Without Simplex and without theorems of alternatives

The simplex method has its own problems related to degenerate basic feasible solutions. While such solutions are infrequent, from a theoretical standpoint a proof of the strong duality theorem that uses the simplex method is not complete until it has taken a few extra steps. Further, for economists the duality theorem is extremely important whereas … Read more

Existence of Competitive Equilibrium in Piecewise Linear and Concave Exchange Economies and the non-symmetric Nash Bargaining Solution

In this paper we show that for concave piecewise linear exchange economies every competitive equilibrium satisfies the property that the competitive allocation is a non-symmetric Nash bargaining solution with weights being the initial income of individual agents evaluated at the equilibrium price vector. We prove the existence of competitive equilibrium for concave piecewise linear exchange … Read more

Local versus Global Profit Maximization: The Case of Discrete Concave Production Functions

In this paper we show that for discrete concave functions, a local maximum need not be a global maximum. We also provide examples of discrete concave functions where this coincidence holds. As a direct consequence of this, we can establish the equivalence of local and global profit maximizers for an equivalent well-behaved production function that … Read more

Existence of Equilibrium for Integer Allocation Problems

In this paper we show that if all agents are equipped with discrete concave production functions, then a feasible price allocation pair is a market equilibrium if and only if it solves a linear programming problem, similar to, but perhaps simpler than the one invoked in Yang (2001). Using this result, but assuming discrete concave … Read more

Envelope Theorems For Finite Choice Sets

This paper is concerned with the study of envelope theorems for finite choice sets. More specifically, we consider the problem of differentiability of the value function arising out of the maximization of a parametrized objective function, when the set of alternatives is non-empty and finite. The parameter is confined to the closed interval [0,1] and … Read more

Stable Matchings for A Generalized Marriage Problem

We show that a simple genralization of the Deferred Acceptance Procedure with men proposing due to Gale and Shapley(1962), yeilds outcomes for a generalized marriage problem, which are necessarily stable. We also show, that any outcome of this prcedure is Weakly Pareto Optimal for Men, i.e., there is no other outcome which all men prefer … Read more

Stable Sets of Weak Tournaments

The purpose of this paper is to obtain conditions on weak tournaments, which guarantee that every non-empty subset of alternatives admits a stable set. We show that every stable set always contains the core. We also show that there exists a unique stable set for each non-empty subset of alternatives which coincides with its core … Read more