Incentivizing Investment and Reliability: A Study on Electricity Capacity Markets

The capacity market, a marketplace to exchange available generation capacity for electricity production, provides a major revenue stream for generators and is adopted in several U.S. regions. A subject of ongoing debate, the capacity market is viewed by its proponents as a crucial mechanism to ensure system reliability, while critics highlight its drawbacks such as … Read more

Risk-Aware Security-Constrained Unit Commitment: Taming the Curse of Real-Time Volatility and Consumer Exposure

We propose an enhancement to wholesale electricity markets whereby the exposure of consumers to increasingly large and volatile consumer payments arising as a byproduct of volatile real-time net loads — i.e., loads minus renewable outputs — and prices, both compared to day-ahead cleared values. We incorporate a robust estimate of such excess payments into the … Read more

Tightening Quadratic Convex Relaxations for the AC Optimal Transmission Switching Problem

The Alternating Current Optimal Transmission Switching (ACOTS) problem incorporates line switching decisions into the fundamental AC optimal power flow (ACOPF) problem. The advantages of the ACOTS problem are well-known in terms of reducing the operational cost and improving system reliability. ACOTS optimization models contain discrete variables and nonlinear, non-convex constraints, which make it difficult to … Read more

Copositive Duality for Discrete Energy Markets

Optimization problems with discrete decisions are nonconvex and thus lack strong duality, which limits the usefulness of tools such as shadow prices. It was shown in Burer (2009) that mixed-binary quadratic programs can be written as completely positive programs, which are convex. Completely positive reformulations of discrete optimization problems therefore have strong duality if a … Read more

Generation Expansion Planning with Revenue Adequacy Constraints

Generation capacity expansion models have traditionally taken the vantage point of a centralized planner seeking to find cost-optimal generation capacity to reliably meet load over decadal time scales. Often assuming perfectly competitive players, these models attempt to provide guidance for system planners without necessarily ensuring that individual generators are adequately remunerated for their generation, flexibility, … Read more

Logic-based Benders Decomposition and Binary Decision Diagram Based Approaches for Stochastic Distributed Operating Room Scheduling

The distributed operating room (OR) scheduling problem aims to find an assignment of surgeries to ORs across collaborating hospitals that share their waiting lists and ORs. We propose a stochastic extension of this problem where surgery durations are considered to be uncertain. In order to obtain solutions for the challenging stochastic model, we use sample … Read more