Factorization of completely positive matrices using iterative projected gradient steps

We aim to factorize a completely positive matrix by using an optimization approach which consists in the minimization of a nonconvex smooth function over a convex and compact set. To solve this problem we propose a projected gradient algorithm with parameters that take into account the effects of relaxation and inertia. Both projection and gradient … Read more

New lower bounds and asymptotics for the cp-rank

Let $p_n$ denote the largest possible cp-rank of an $n\times n$ completely positive matrix. This matrix parameter has its significance both in theory and applications, as it sheds light on the geometry and structure of the solution set of hard optimization problems in their completely positive formulation. Known bounds for $p_n$ are $s_n=\binom{n+1}2-4$, the current … Read more

From seven to eleven: completely positive matrices with high cp-rank

We study $n\times n$ completely positive matrices $M$ on the boundary of the completely positive cone, namely those orthogonal to a copositive matrix $S$ which generates a quadratic form with finitely many zeroes in the standard simplex. Constructing particular instances of $S$, we are able to construct counterexamples to the famous Drew-Johnson-Loewy conjecture (1994) for … Read more

Separating Doubly Nonnegative and Completely Positive Matrices

The cone of Completely Positive (CP) matrices can be used to exactly formulate a variety of NP-Hard optimization problems. A tractable relaxation for CP matrices is provided by the cone of Doubly Nonnegative (DNN) matrices; that is, matrices that are both positive semidefinite and componentwise nonnegative. A natural problem in the optimization setting is then … Read more

The Difference Between 5×5 Doubly Nonnegative and Completely Positive Matrices

The convex cone of $n \times n$ completely positive (CPP) matrices and its dual cone of copositive matrices arise in several areas of applied mathematics, including optimization. Every CPP matrix is doubly nonnegative (DNN), i.e., positive semidefinite and component-wise nonnegative, and it is known that, for $n \le 4$ only, every DNN matrix is CPP. … Read more

On the computation of $C^*$ certificates

The cone of completely positive matrices $C^*$ is the convex hull of all symmetric rank-1-matrices $xx^T$ with nonnegative entries. Determining whether a given matrix $B$ is completely positive is an $\cal NP$-complete problem. We examine a simple algorithm which — for a given input $B$ — either determines a certificate proving that $B\in C^*$ or … Read more