Frequency regulation with storage: On losses and profits

Low-carbon societies will need to store vast amounts of electricity to balance intermittent generation from wind and solar energy, for example, through frequency regulation. Here, we derive an analytical solution to the decision-making problem of storage operators who sell frequency regulation power to grid operators and trade electricity on day-ahead markets. Mathematically, we treat future … Read more

A basis-free null space method for solving generalized saddle point problems

Using an augmented Lagrangian matrix approach, we analytically solve in this paper a broad class of linear systems that includes symmetric and nonsymmetric problems in saddle point form. To this end, some mild assumptions are made and a preconditioning is specially designed to improve the sensitivity of the systems before the calculation of their solutions. … Read more