Combining Multi-Level Real-time Iterations of Nonlinear Model Predictive Control to Realize Squatting Motions on Leo

Today’s humanoid robots are complex mechanical systems with many degrees of freedom that are built to achieve locomotion skills comparable to humans. In order to synthesize whole-body motions, real-tme capable direct methods of optimal control are a subject of contemporary research. To this end, Nonlinear Model Predictive Control is the method of choice to realize … Read more

High-Level Interfaces for the Multiple Shooting Code for Optimal Control MUSCOD

The demand for model-based simulation and optimization solutions requires the availability of software frameworks that not only provide computational capabilities, but also help to ease the formulation and implementation of the respective optimal control problems. In this article, we present and discuss recent development efforts and applicable work flows using the example of MUSCOD, the … Read more

An Active-Set Quadratic Programming Method Based On Sequential Hot-Starts

A new method for solving sequences of quadratic programs (QPs) is presented. For each new QP in the sequence, the method utilizes hot-starts that employ information computed by an active-set QP solver during the solution of the first QP. This avoids the computation and factorization of the full matrices for all but the first problem … Read more

Efficient Direct Multiple Shooting for Nonlinear Model Predictive Control on Long Horizons

We address direct multiple shooting based algorithms for nonlinear model predictive control, with a focus on problems with long prediction horizons. We describe different efficient multiple shooting variants with a computational effort that is only linear in the horizon length. Proposed techniques comprise structure exploiting linear algebra on the one hand, and approximation of derivative … Read more