MPC as a DVI: Implications on Sampling Rates and Accuracy

We show that the evolution of a dynamical system driven by controls obtained by the solution of an embedded optimization problem (as done in MPC) can be cast as a differential variational inequality (DVI). The DVI abstraction reveals that standard sampled-data MPC implementations (in which the control law is computed using states that are sampled … Read more

Rigorous results in electronic structure calculations

Electronic structure calculations, in particular the computation of the ground state energy, lead to challenging problems in optimization. These problems are of enormous importance in quantum chemistry for calculations of properties of solids and molecules. Minimization methods for computing the ground state energy can be developed by employing a variational approach, where the second-order reduced … Read more

Mixed-Integer Programming for Cycle Detection in Non-reversible Markov Processes

In this paper, we present a new, optimization-based method to exhibit cyclic behavior in non-reversible stochastic processes. While our method is general, it is strongly motivated by discrete simulations of ordinary differential equations representing non-reversible biological processes, in particular molecular simulations. Here, the discrete time steps of the simulation are often very small compared to … Read more

An MILP-MINLP decomposition method for the global optimization of a source based model of the multiperiod blending problem

The multiperiod blending problem involves binary variables and bilinear terms, yielding a nonconvex MINLP. In this work we present two major contributions for the global solution of the problem. The rst one is an alternative formulation of the problem. This formulation makes use of redundant constraints that improve the MILP relaxation of the MINLP. The … Read more

Use of a Biobjective Direct Search Algorithm in the Process Design of Material Science Applications

This work describes the application of a direct search method to the optimization of problems of real industrial interest, namely three new material science applications designed with the FactSage software. The search method is BiMADS, the biobjective version of the mesh adaptive direct search (MADS) algorithm, designed for blackbox optimization. We give a general description … Read more

Gas Network Optimization: A comparison of Piecewise Linear Models

Gas network optimization manages the gas transport by minimizing operating costs and fulfilling contracts between consumers and suppliers. This is an NP- hard problem governed by non-convex and nonlinear gas transport functions that can be modeled by mixed integer linear programming (MILP) techniques. Under these methods, piecewise linear functions describe nonlinearities and bi- nary variables … Read more

Models and Solution Techniques for Production Planning Problems with Increasing Byproducts

We consider a production planning problem where the production process creates a mixture of desirable products and undesirable byproducts. In this production process, at any point in time the fraction of the mixture that is an undesirable byproduct increases monotonically as a function of the cumulative mixture production up to that time. The mathematical formulation … Read more

Valid Inequalities Based on Demand Propagation for Chemical Production Scheduling MIP Models

The planning of chemical production often involves the optimization of the size of the tasks to be performed subject to unit capacity constraints, as well as inventory constraints for intermediate materials. While several mixed-integer programming (MIP) models have been proposed that account for these features, the development of tightening methods for these formulations has received … Read more

Euclidean Distance Matrix Completion Problems

A Euclidean distance matrix is one in which the $(i,j)$ entry specifies the squared distance between particle $i$ and particle $j$. Given a partially-specified symmetric matrix $A$ with zero diagonal, the Euclidean distance matrix completion problem (EDMCP) is to determine the unspecified entries to make $A$ a Euclidean distance matrix. We survey three different approaches … Read more


We present a proactive energy management framework that integrates predictive dynamic building models and day-ahead forecasts of disturbances affecting efficiency and costs. This enables an efficient management of resources and an accurate prediction of the daily electricity demand profile. The strategy is based on the on-line solution of mixed-integer nonlinear programming problems. The framework is … Read more