Robust Optimization in Nanoparticle Technology: A Proof of Principle by Quantum Dot Growth in a Residence Time Reactor

Knowledge-based determination of the best-possible experimental setups for nanoparticle design is highly challenging. Additionally, such processes are accompanied by noticeable uncertainties. Therefore, protection against these uncertainties is needed. Robust optimization helps determining such best possible processes. The latter guarantees quality requirements regardless of how the uncertainties, e.g. with regard to variations in raw materials, heat … Read more

Optimal Hospital Care Scheduling During the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic has seen dramatic demand surges for hospital care that have placed a severe strain on health systems worldwide. As a result, policy makers are faced with the challenge of managing scarce hospital capacity so as to reduce the backlog of non-COVID patients whilst maintaining the ability to respond to any potential future … Read more

An Adaptive and Near Parameter-free BRKGA Using Q-Learning Method

The Biased Random-Key Genetic Algorithm (BRKGA) is an efficient metaheuristic to solve combinatorial optimization problems but requires parameter tuning so the intensification and diversification of the algorithm work in a balanced way. There is, however, not only one optimal parameter configuration, and the best configuration may differ according to the stages of the evolutionary process. … Read more

Cutting Plane Generation Through Sparse Principal Component Analysis

Quadratically-constrained quadratic programs (QCQPs) are optimization models whose remarkable expressiveness has made them a cornerstone of methodological research for nonconvex optimization problems. However, modern methods to solve a general QCQP fail to scale, encountering computational challenges even with just a few hundred variables. Specifically, a semidefinite programming (SDP) relaxation is typically employed, which provides strong … Read more

Recent Advances in Nonconvex Semi-infinite Programming: Applications and Algorithms

The goal of this literature review is to give an update on the recent developments for semi-infinite programs (SIPs), approximately over the last 20 years. An overview of the different solution approaches and the existing algorithms is given. We focus on deterministic algorithms for SIPs which do not make any convexity assumptions. In particular, we … Read more

Edge Minimizing the Student Conflict Graph

In many schools, courses are given in sections. Prior to timetabling students need to be assigned to individual sections. We give a hybrid approximation sectioning algorithm that minimizes the number of edges (potential conflicts) in the student conflict graph (SCG). We start with a greedy algorithm to obtain a starting solution and then continue with … Read more

Scaling Up Exact Neural Network Compression by ReLU Stability

We can compress a neural network while exactly preserving its underlying functionality with respect to a given input domain if some of its neurons are stable. However, current approaches to determine the stability of neurons in networks with Rectified Linear Unit (ReLU) activations require solving or finding a good approximation to multiple discrete optimization problems. … Read more

An adaptive robust optimization model for parallel machine scheduling

Real-life parallel machine scheduling problems can be characterized by: (i) limited information about the exact task duration at scheduling time, and (ii) an opportunity to reschedule the remaining tasks each time a task processing is completed and a machine becomes idle. Robust optimization is the natural methodology to cope with the first characteristic of duration … Read more

Masking Primal and Dual Models for Data Privacy in Network Revenue Management

We study a collaborative revenue management problem where multiple decentralized parties agree to share some of their capacities. This collaboration is performed by constructing a large mathematical programming model available to all parties. The parties then use the solution of this model in their own capacity control systems. In this setting, however, the major concern … Read more

A Novel Cooperative Multi-search Benders Decomposition for Solving the Hydrothermal Unit-Commitment Problem

Renewable energy and modernization of power operation demand Independent System Operators (ISOs) to solve ever more complex and larger programming problems to securely and economically schedule power resources. A key step in the scheduling process is the unit commitment (UC). In a hydro-dominated system, this process also involves managing reservoirs and is called hydrothermal UC … Read more