A Chance-Constrained Two-Echelon Vehicle Routing Problem with Stochastic Demands

Two-echelon distribution systems are often considered in city logistics to maintain economies of scale and satisfy the emission zone requirements in the cities. In this work, we formulate the two-echelon vehicle routing problem with stochastic demands as a chance-constrained stochastic optimization problem, where the total demand of the customers in each second-echelon route should fit … Read more

The Fuel Replenishment Problem:A Split-Delivery Multi-Compartment Vehicle Routing Problem with Multiple Trips

In this paper, we formally define and model the Fuel Replenishment Problem (FRP). The FRP is a multi-compartment, multi-trip, split-delivery VRP in which tanker trucks transport different types of petrol, separated over multiple vehicle compartments, from an oil depot to petrol stations. Large customer demands often necessitate multiple deliveries. Throughout a single working day, a … Read more

A Scenario-Based Approach for the Vehicle Routing Problem with Roaming Delivery Locations under Stochastic Travel Times

We address a stochastic variant of the Vehicle Routing Problem with Roaming Delivery Locations. In this model, direct-to-consumer deliveries can be made in the trunk of the customer’s car, while the vehicle is parked at a location along the customer’s itinerary. The stochasticity arises from the uncertainty in travel times and the problem is formulated … Read more

The Benefits of Transfers in Crowdsourced Pickup-and-Delivery Systems

Rapid urban growth, the increasing importance of e-commerce and high consumer service expectations have given rise to new and innovative models for freight delivery within urban environments. Crowdsourced solutions – where drivers are not employed by a carrier but occasionally offer their services through on-line platforms and are contracted as required by carriers – are … Read more

Crowd-based City Logistics

Cities are drivers of economic development, providing infrastructure to support countless activities and services. Today, the world’s 750 biggest cities account for more than 57% of the global GDP and this number is expected to increase to 61% by 2030. More than half of the world’s population lives in cities, or urban areas, and this … Read more

City Logistics: Challenges and Opportunities

Today, around 54% of the world’s population lives in urban areas. By 2050, this share is expected to go up significantly. As a result, city logistics, which focuses on the efficient and effective transportation of goods in urban areas while taking into account the negative effects on congestion, safety, and environment, is critical to ensuring … Read more