An Alternating Direction Algorithm for Matrix Completion with Nonnegative Factors

This paper introduces a novel algorithm for the nonnegative matrix factorization and completion problem, which aims to nd nonnegative matrices X and Y from a subset of entries of a nonnegative matrix M so that XY approximates M. This problem is closely related to the two existing problems: nonnegative matrix factorization and low-rank matrix completion, … Read more

Penalty Decomposition Methods for Rank Minimization

In this paper we consider general rank minimization problems with rank appearing in either objective function or constraint. We first show that a class of matrix optimization problems can be solved as lower dimensional vector optimization problems. As a consequence, we establish that a class of rank minimization problems have closed form solutions. Using this … Read more

A Unified Approach for Minimizing Composite Norms

We propose a first-order augmented Lagrangian algorithm (FALC) to solve the composite norm minimization problem min |sigma(F(X)-G)|_alpha + |C(X)- d|_beta subject to A(X)-b in Q; where sigma(X) denotes the vector of singular values of X, the matrix norm |sigma(X)|_alpha denotes either the Frobenius, the nuclear, or the L2-operator norm of X, the vector norm |.|_beta … Read more

Solving A Low-Rank Factorization Model for Matrix Completion by A Nonlinear Successive Over-Relaxation Algorithm

The matrix completion problem is to recover a low-rank matrix from a subset of its entries. The main solution strategy for this problem has been based on nuclear-norm minimization which requires computing singular value decompositions — a task that is increasingly costly as matrix sizes and ranks increase. To improve the capacity of solving large-scale … Read more

Sparse optimization with least-squares constraints

The use of convex optimization for the recovery of sparse signals from incomplete or compressed data is now common practice. Motivated by the success of basis pursuit in recovering sparse vectors, new formulations have been proposed that take advantage of different types of sparsity. In this paper we propose an efficient algorithm for solving a … Read more

A Simpler Approach to Matrix Completion

This paper provides the best bounds to date on the number of randomly sampled entries required to reconstruct an unknown low rank matrix. These results improve on prior work by Candes and Recht, Candes and Tao, and Keshavan, Montanari, and Oh. The reconstruction is accomplished by minimizing the nuclear norm, or sum of the singular … Read more

Convergence of fixed-point continuation algorithms for matrix rank minimization

The matrix rank minimization problem has applications in many fields such as system identification, optimal control, low-dimensional embedding, etc. As this problem is NP-hard in general, its convex relaxation, the nuclear norm minimization problem, is often solved instead. Recently, Ma, Goldfarb and Chen proposed a fixed-point continuation algorithm for solving the nuclear norm minimization problem. … Read more

Row by row methods for semidefinite programming

We present a row-by-row (RBR) method for solving semidefinite programming (SDP) problem based on solving a sequence of problems obtained by restricting the n-dimensional positive semidefinite constraint on the matrix X. By fixing any (n-1)-dimensional principal submatrix of X and using its (generalized) Schur complement, the positive semidefinite constraint is reduced to a simple second-order … Read more

An accelerated proximal gradient algorithm for nuclear norm regularized least squares problems

The affine rank minimization problem, which consists of finding a matrix of minimum rank subject to linear equality constraints, has been proposed in many areas of engineering and science. A specific rank minimization problem is the matrix completion problem, in which we wish to recover a (low-rank) data matrix from incomplete samples of its entries. … Read more

A PARALLEL interior point decomposition algorithm for block-angular semidefinite programs

We present a two phase interior point decomposition framework for solving semidefinite (SDP) relaxations of sparse maxcut, stable set, and box constrained quadratic programs. In phase 1, we suitably modify the {\em matrix completion} scheme of Fukuda et al. \cite{fukuda_et_al} to preprocess an existing SDP into an equivalent SDP in the block-angular form. In phase … Read more