Generalized Gradients in Problems of Dynamic Optimization, Optimal Control, and Machine Learning

In this work, nonconvex nonsmooth problems of dynamic optimization, optimal control in discrete time (including feedback control), and machine learning are considered from a common point of view. An analogy is observed between tasks of controlling discrete dynamic systems and training multilayer neural networks with nonsmooth target function and connections. Methods for calculating generalized gradients … Read more

Basis Pursuit Denoise with Nonsmooth Constraints

Level-set optimization formulations with data-driven constraints minimize a regularization functional subject to matching observations to a given error level. These formulations are widely used, particularly for matrix completion and sparsity promotion in data interpolation and denoising. The misfit level is typically measured in the l2 norm, or other smooth metrics. In this paper, we present … Read more

Convergence of descent methods for semi-algebraic and tame problems: proximal algorithms, forward-backward splitting, and regularized Gauss-Seidel methods

In view of the minimization of a nonsmooth nonconvex function f, we prove an abstract convergence result for descent methods satisfying a sufficient-decrease assumption, and allowing a relative error tolerance. Our result guarantees the convergence of bounded sequences, under the assumption that the function f satisfies the Kurdyka-Lojasiewicz inequality. This assumption allows to cover a … Read more