A New Voltage Stability-Constrained Optimal Power Flow Model: Sufficient Condition, SOCP Representation, and Relaxation

A simple characterization of the solvability of power flow equations is of great importance in the monitoring, control, and protection of power systems. In this paper, we introduce a sufficient condition for power flow Jacobian nonsingularity. We show that this condition is second-order conic representable when load powers are fixed. Through the incorporation of the … Read more

Integration Methods and Accelerated Optimization Algorithms

We show that accelerated optimization methods can be seen as particular instances of multi-step integration schemes from numerical analysis, applied to the gradient flow equation. In comparison with recent advances in this vein, the differential equation considered here is the basic gradient flow and we show that multi-step schemes allow integration of this differential equation … Read more

Sharpness, Restart and Acceleration.

The Lojasievicz inequality shows that sharpness bounds on the minimum of convex optimization problems hold almost generically. Here, we show that sharpness directly controls the performance of restart schemes. The constants quantifying sharpness are of course unobservable, but we show that optimal restart strategies are fairly robust, and searching for the best scheme only increases … Read more

Regularized Nonlinear Acceleration

We describe a convergence acceleration technique for generic optimization problems. Our scheme computes estimates of the optimum from a nonlinear average of the iterates produced by any optimization method. The weights in this average are computed via a simple linear system, whose solution can be updated online. This acceleration scheme runs in parallel to the … Read more

The Adaptive Sampling Gradient Method: Optimizing Smooth Functions with an Inexact Oracle

Consider settings such as stochastic optimization where a smooth objective function $f$ is unknown but can be estimated with an \emph{inexact oracle} such as quasi-Monte Carlo (QMC) or numerical quadrature. The inexact oracle is assumed to yield function estimates having error that decays with increasing oracle effort. For solving such problems, we present the Adaptive … Read more

A Stochastic MPC Framework for Stationary Battery Systems

We present a stochastic model predictive control (MPC) framework to determine real-time commitments in energy and frequency regulation markets for a stationary battery system while simultaneously mitigating long-term demand charges for an attached load. The framework solves a two-stage stochastic program over a receding horizon that maximizes the expected profit and that factors in uncertainty … Read more

Two New Weak Constraint Qualifications for Mathematical Programs with Equilibrium Constraints and Applications

We introduce two new weaker Constraint Qualifications (CQs) for Mathematical Programs with Equilibrium (or Complementarity) Constraints, MPEC for short. One of them is a tailored version of the Constant Rank of Subspace Component (CRSC) and the other is a relaxed version of the MPEC-No Nonzero Abnormal Multiplier Constraint Qualification (MPEC-NNAMCQ). Both incorporate the exact set … Read more

Globally Solving a Class of Optimal Power Flow Problems in Radial Networks by Tree Reduction

We devise an algorithm for finding the global optimal solution of the so-called optimal power flow problem (OPF) for a class of power networks with a tree topology, also called radial networks, for which an efficient and reliable algorithm was not previously known. The algorithm we present is called the tree reduction/expansion method, and is … Read more

Analyzing Tax Incentives for Producing Renewable Energy by Biomass Cofiring

This paper examines the impacts of governmental incentives for coal-fired power plants to generate renewable energy via biomass cofiring technology. The most common incentive is the production tax credit (PTC), a flat rate reimbursement for each unit of renewable energy generated. The work presented here proposes PTC alternatives, incentives that are functions of plant capacity … Read more

Best subset selection via bi-objective mixed integer linear programming

We study the problem of choosing the best subset of p features in linear regression given n observations. This problem naturally contains two objective functions including minimizing the amount of bias and minimizing the number of predictors. The existing approaches transform the problem into a single-objective optimization problem either by combining the two objectives using … Read more