Revisiting Degeneracy, Strict Feasibility, Stability, in Linear Programming

Currently, the simplex method and the interior point method are indisputably the most popular algorithms for solving linear programs. Unlike general conic programs, linear programs, LPs, with a finite optimal value do not require strict feasibility in order to establish strong duality. Hence strict feasibility is seldom a concern, even though strict feasibility is equivalent … Read more

A New Face Algorithm Using LU Factorization for Linear Programming

The unique feature of the face algorithm \cite{pan14} is that it moves from face to face, rather than from vertex to vertex as the simplex algorithm. It uses the orthogonal projection of the negative objective gradient on the related null space as its search direction. Nevertheless, the algorithm is based on QR factorization, which would … Read more

A New Face Method for Linear Programming

An attractive feature of the face method \cite{pan14} for solving LP problems is that it uses the orthogonal projection of the negative objective gradient on the related null space as the search direction. However, the method would not be amenable for solving large sparse problems, since it handles the involved normal system by orthogonal transformations. … Read more

The Many Faces of Degeneracy in Conic Optimization

Slater’s condition — existence of a “strictly feasible solution” — is a common assumption in conic optimization. Without strict feasibility, first-order optimality conditions may be meaningless, the dual problem may yield little information about the primal, and small changes in the data may render the problem infeasible. Hence, failure of strict feasibility can negatively impact … Read more

Tools for primal degenerate linear programs: IPS, DCA, and PE

This paper describes three recent tools for dealing with primal degeneracy in linear programming. The first one is the Improved Primal Simplex (IPS) algorithm which turns degeneracy into a possible advantage. The constraints of the original problem are dynamically partitioned based on the numerical values of the current basic variables. The idea is to work … Read more

Sensitivity analysis of semidefinite programs without strong duality

Suppose that we are given a feasible conic program with a finite optimal value and with strong duality failing. It is known that there are small perturbations of the problem data that lead to relatively big changes in the optimal value. We quantify the notion of big change in the case of a semidefinite program … Read more

A Primal-Dual Regularized Interior-Point Method for Semidefinite Programming

Interior-point methods in semidefinite programming (SDP) require the solution of a sequence of linear systems which are used to derive the search directions. Safeguards are typically required in order to handle rank-deficient Jacobians and free variables. We generalize the primal-dual regularization of \cite{friedlander-orban-2012} to SDP and show that it is possible to recover an optimal … Read more

Improved Column Generation for Highly Degenerate Master Problems

Column generation for solving linear programs with a huge number of variables alternates between solving a master problem and a pricing subproblem to add variables to the master problem as needed. The method is known to suffer from degeneracy of the master problem, exposing what is called the tailing-off effect. Inspired by recent advances in … Read more

Trajectory-following methods for large-scale degenerate convex quadratic programming

We consider a class of infeasible, path-following methods for convex quadratric programming. Our methods are designed to be effective for solving both nondegerate and degenerate problems, where degeneracy is understood to mean the failure of strict complementarity at a solution. Global convergence and a polynomial bound on the number of iterations required is given. An … Read more

Preprocessing and Reduction for Degenerate Semidefinite Programs

This paper presents a backward stable preprocessing technique for (nearly) ill-posed semidefinite programming, SDP, problems, i.e.,~programs for which Slater’s constraint qualification, existence of strictly feasible points, (nearly) fails. Current popular algorithms for semidefinite programming rely on \emph{primal-dual interior-point, p-d i-p} methods. These algorithms require Slater’s constraint qualification for both the primal and dual problems. This … Read more