Achieving Higher Frequencies in Large-Scale Nonlinear Model Predictive Control

We present new insights into how to achieve higher frequencies in large-scale nonlinear predictive control using truncated-like schemes. The basic idea is that, instead of solving the full nonlinear programming (NLP) problem at each sampling time, we solve a single, truncated quadratic programming (QP) problem. We present conditions guaranteeing stability of the approximation error derived … Read more

Economic Impacts of Advanced Weather Forecasting on Energy System Operations

We analyze the impacts of adopting advanced weather forecasting systems at different levels of the decision-making hierarchy of the power grid. Using case studies, we show that state-of-the-art numerical weather prediction (NWP) models can provide high-precision forecasts and uncertainty information that can significantly enhance the performance of planning, scheduling, energy management, and feedback control systems. … Read more


We present a proactive energy management framework that integrates predictive dynamic building models and day-ahead forecasts of disturbances affecting efficiency and costs. This enables an efficient management of resources and an accurate prediction of the daily electricity demand profile. The strategy is based on the on-line solution of mixed-integer nonlinear programming problems. The framework is … Read more

A Computational Framework for Uncertainty Quantification and Stochastic Optimization in Unit Commitment with Wind Power Generation

We present a computational framework for integrating a state-of-the-art numerical weather prediction (NWP) model in stochastic unit commitment/energy dispatch formulations that account for wind power uncertainty. We first enhance the NWP model with an ensemble-based uncertainty quantification strategy implemented in a distributed-memory parallel computing architecture. We discuss computational issues arising in the implementation of the … Read more

Real-Time Optimization as a Generalized Equation

We establish results for the problem of tracking a time-dependent manifold arising in online nonlinear programming by casting this as a generalized equation. We demonstrate that if points along a solution manifold are consistently strongly regular, it is possible to track the manifold approximately by solving a linear complementarity problem (LCP) at each time step. … Read more

On-Line Economic Optimization of Energy Systems Using Weather Forecast Information

We establish an on-line optimization framework to exploit weather forecast information in the operation of energy systems. We argue that anticipating the weather conditions can lead to more proactive and cost-effective operations. The framework is based on the solution of a stochastic dynamic real-time optimization (D-RTO) problem incorporating forecasts generated from a state-of-the-art weather prediction … Read more

On the Optimal On-Line Management of Photovoltaic-Hydrogen Hybrid Energy Systems

We present an on-line management strategy for photovoltaic-hydrogen (PV-H2) hybrid energy systems. The strategy follows a receding-horizon principle and exploits solar radiation forecasts and statistics generated through a Gaussian process model. We demonstrate that incorporating forecast information can dramatically improve the reliability and economic performance of these promising energy production devices. Article Download View On … Read more

Convergence of stochastic average approximation for stochastic optimization problems with mixed expectation and per-scenario constraints

We present a framework for ensuring convergence of sample average approximations to stochastic optimization problems that include expectation constraints in addition to per-scenario constraints. Citation Preprint ANL/MCS 1562-1108 Article Download View Convergence of stochastic average approximation for stochastic optimization problems with mixed expectation and per-scenario constraints

A Linear Programming Approach for the Least-Squares Protein Morphing Problem

This work addresses the computation of free-energy di fferences between protein conformations by using morphing (i.e., transformation) of a source conformation into a target conformation. To enhance the morph- ing procedure, we employ permutations of atoms; we transform atom n in the source conformation into atom \sigma(n) in the target conformation rather than directly transforming atom … Read more

Large-Scale Parallel Multibody Dynamics with Frictional Contact on the Graphical Processing Unit

In the context of simulating the frictional contact dynamics of large systems of rigid bodies, this paper reviews a novel method for solving large cone complementarity problems by means of a fixed-point iteration algorithm. The method is an extension of the Gauss-Seidel and Gauss-Jacobimethods with overrelaxation for symmetric convex linear complementarity problems. Convergent under fairly … Read more