A spring-embedding approach for the facility layout problem

The facility layout problem is concerned with finding the most efficient arrangement of a given number of departments with unequal area requirements within a facility. The facility layout problem is a hard problem, and therefore, exact solution methods are only feasible for small or greatly restricted problems. In this paper, we propose a spring-embedding approach … Read more

RIOTS_95–a MATLAB Toolbox for Solving General Optimal Control Problems And Its Applications to Chemical Processes

RIOTS_95 is a group of programs and utilities, written mostly in C, Fortran and M-file scripts and designed as a toolbox for MATLAB, that provides an interactive environment for solving a very broad class of optimal control problems (OCP’s). RIOTS_95 comes pre-compiled for use with the Windows 95/98/2000 or Windows NT operating systems. The user’s … Read more

Nonlinear Optimisation in CHP-Applications

At the Fraunhofer Institute UMSICHT a nonlinear model has been developed facilitating the dynamic optimisation of combined heat and power production systems. The strategy called “dynamic supply temperature optimisation” is a very promising approach to use the DH-network itself as a large heat storage causing no additional investment cost. The pipeline system of a district … Read more

Optimal Magnetic Shield Design with Second-Order Cone Programming

In this paper, we consider a continuous version of the convex network flow problem which involves the integral of the Euclidean norm of the flow and its square in the objective function. A discretized version of this problem can be cast as a second-order cone program, for which efficient primal-dual interior-point algorithms have been developed … Read more

The Thirteen Spheres: A New Proof

The “thirteen spheres problem”, also known as the “Gregory-Newton problem” is to determine the maximum number of three-dimensional spheres that can simultaneously touch a given sphere, where all the spheres have the same radius. The history of the problem goes back to a disagreement between Isaac Newton and David Gregory in 1694. Using a combination … Read more

Robust regularization

Given a real function on a Euclidean space, we consider its “robust regularization”: the value of this new function at any given point is the maximum value of the original function in a fixed neighbourhood of the point in question. This construction allows us to impose constraints in an optimization problem *robustly*, safeguarding a constraint … Read more

Global and Convex Optimization in Modeling Environments: Compiler-Based, Excel, and Mathematica Implementations

We present a review of several software products that serve to analyze and solve nonlinear (specifically including global) optimization problems across different hardware and software platforms. The implementations discussed are LGO, as a stand-alone, but compiler-dependent modeling and solver environment; its Excel platform implementation; and MathOptimizer, a native solver package for Mathematica users. The discussion … Read more

Nonlinear Model Predictive Control via Feasibility-Perturbed Sequential Quadratic Programming

Model predictive control requires the solution of a sequence of continuous optimization problems that are nonlinear if a nonlinear model is used for the plant. We describe briefly a trust-region feasibility-perturbed sequential quadratic programming algorithm (developed in a companion report), then discuss its adaptation to the problems arising in nonlinear model predictive control. Computational experience … Read more

Distance Weighted Discrimination

High Dimension Low Sample Size statistical analysis is becoming increasingly important in a wide range of applied contexts. In such situations, it is seen that the popular Support Vector Machine suffers from “data piling” at the margin, which can diminish generalizability. This leads naturally to the development of Distance Weighted Discrimination, which is based on … Read more

TfMin: Short Reference Manual

This is a short guide to use the Fortran and Matlab package TfMin designed for the numerical solution of continuous 3D minimum-time orbit transfer around the Earth (with free final longitude), especially for low thrust engines. The underlying method is single shooting. The Matlab interface with the solver allows the user to define the problem … Read more