On the NP-hardness of deciding emptiness of the split closure of a rational polytope in the 0,1 hypercube

Split cuts are prominent general-purpose cutting planes in integer programming. The split closure of a rational polyhedron is what is obtained after intersecting the half-spaces defined by all the split cuts for the polyhedron. In this paper, we prove that deciding whether the split closure of a rational polytope is empty is NP-hard, even when … Read more

Split cuts from sparse disjunctions

Split cuts are arguably the most effective class of cutting planes within a branch-and-cut framework for solving general Mixed-Integer Programs (MIP). Sparsity, on the other hand, is a common characteristic of MIP problems, and it is an important part of why the simplex method works so well inside branch-and-cut. In this work, we evaluate the … Read more

Binary Extended Formulations of Polyhedral Mixed-integer Sets

We analyze different ways of constructing binary extended formulations of polyhedral mixed-integer sets with bounded integer variables and compare their relative strength with respect to split cuts. We show that among all binary extended formulations where each bounded integer variable is represented by a distinct collection of binary variables, what we call “unimodular” extended formulations … Read more

Lattice closures of polyhedra

Given $P\subset\R^n$, a mixed-integer set $P^I=P\cap (\Z^{t}\times\R^{n-t}$), and a $k$-tuple of $n$-dimensional integral vectors $(\pi_1, \ldots, \pi_k)$ where the last $n-t$ entries of each vector is zero, we consider the relaxation of $P^I$ obtained by taking the convex hull of points $x$ in $P$ for which $ \pi_1^Tx,\ldots,\pi^T_kx$ are integral. We then define the $k$-dimensional … Read more

Strengthened Benders Cuts for Stochastic Integer Programs with Continuous Recourse

With stochastic integer programming as the motivating application, we investigate techniques to use integrality constraints to obtain improved cuts within a Benders decomposition algorithm. We compare the effect of using cuts in two ways: (i) cut-and-project, where integrality constraints are used to derive cuts in the extended variable space, and Benders cuts are then used … Read more

On the Rank of Cutting-Plane Proof Systems

We introduce a natural abstraction of propositional proof systems that are based on cut- ting planes. This leads to a new class of proof systems that includes many well-known meth- ods, such as Gomory-Chvátal cuts, lift-and-project cuts, Sherali-Adams cuts, or split cuts. The rank of a proof system corresponds to the number of rounds that … Read more

Computational Experiments with Cross and Crooked Cross Cuts

In a recent paper, Dash, Dey and Gunluk (2010) showed that many families of inequalities for the two-row continuous group relaxation and variants of this relaxation are cross cuts or crooked cross cuts, both of which generalize split cuts. Li and Richard (2008) recently studied t-branch split cuts for mixed-integer programs for integers t >= … Read more

A note on the MIR closure and basic relaxations of polyhedra

Anderson, Cornuejols and Li (2005) show that for a polyhedral mixed integer set defined by a constraint system Ax >= b, where x is n-dimensional, along with integrality restrictions on some of the variables, any split cut is in fact a split cut for a “basic relaxation”, i.e., one defined by a subset of linearly … Read more

A probabilistic analysis of the strength of the split and triangle closures

In this paper we consider a relaxation of the corner polyhedron introduced by Andersen et al., which we denote by RCP. We study the relative strength of the split and triangle cuts of RCP’s. Basu et al. showed examples where the split closure can be arbitrarily worse than the triangle closure under a `worst-cost’ type … Read more