On the Dynamic Stability of Electricity Markets

In this work, we present new insights into the dynamic stability of electricity markets. In particular, we discuss how short forecast horizons, incomplete gaming, and physical ramping constraints can give rise to stability issues. Using basic concepts of market efficiency, Lyapunov stability, and predictive control, we construct a new stabilizing market design. A numerical case … Read more

Polynomial Approximations for Continuous Linear Programs

Continuous linear programs have attracted considerable interest due to their potential for modelling manufacturing, scheduling and routing problems. While efficient simplex-type algorithms have been developed for separated continuous linear programs, crude time discretization remains the method of choice for solving general (non-separated) problem instances. In this paper we propose a more generic approximation scheme for … Read more

Combining QCR and CHR for Convex Quadratic MINLP Problems with Linear Constraints

The convex hull relaxation (CHR) method (Albornoz 1998, Ahlatçıoğlu 2007, Ahlatçıoğlu and Guignard 2010) provides lower bounds and feasible solutions (thus upper bounds) on convex 0-1 nonlinear programming problems with linear constraints. In the quadratic case, these bounds may often be improved by a preprocessing step that adds to the quadratic objective function terms which … Read more

A new, solvable, primal relaxation for convex nonlinear integer programming problems

The paper describes a new primal relaxation (PR) for computing bounds on nonlinear integer programming (NLIP) problems. It is a natural extension to NLIP problems of the geometric interpretation of Lagrangean relaxation presented by Geoffrion (1974) for linear problems, and it is based on the same assumption that some constraints are complicating and are treated … Read more


The behavior of enumeration-based programs for solving MINLPs depends at least in part on the quality of the bounds on the optimal value and of the feasible solutions found. We consider MINLP problems with linear constraints. The convex hull relaxation (CHR) is a special case of the primal relaxation (Guignard 1994, 2007) that is very … Read more

Approximation Theory of Matrix Rank Minimization and Its Application to Quadratic Equations

Matrix rank minimization problems are gaining a plenty of recent attention in both mathematical and engineering fields. This class of problems, arising in various and across-discipline applications, is known to be NP-hard in general. In this paper, we aim at providing an approximation theory for the rank minimization problem, and prove that a rank minimization … Read more

Convexity Conditions of Kantorovich Function and Related Semi-infinite Linear Matrix Inequalities

The Kantorovich function $(x^TAx)( x^T A^{-1} x)$, where $A$ is a positive definite matrix, is not convex in general. From a matrix or convex analysis point of view, it is interesting to address the question: When is this function convex? In this paper, we prove that the 2-dimensional Kantorovich function is convex if and only … Read more

A Probing Algorithm for MINLP with Failure Prediction by SVM

Bound tightening is an important component of algorithms for solving nonconvex Mixed Integer Nonlinear Programs. A {\em probing} algorithm is a bound-tightening procedure that explores the consequences of restricting a variable to a subinterval with the goal of tightening its bounds. We propose a variant of probing where exploration is based on iteratively applying a … Read more

Optimization-based search for Nordsieck methods of high order with quadratic stability

We describe the search for explicit general linear methods in Nordsieck form for which the stability function has only two nonzero roots. This search is based on state-of-the-art optimization software. Examples of methods found in this way are given for order p = 5, p = 6, and p = 7. Article Download View Optimization-based … Read more

Chance-Constrained Linear Matrix Inequalities with Dependent Perturbations: A Safe Tractable Approximation Approach

The wide applicability of chance-constrained programming, together with advances in convex optimization and probability theory, has created a surge of interest in finding efficient methods for processing chance constraints in recent years. One of the successes is the development of so-called safe tractable approximations of chance-constrained programs, where a chance constraint is replaced by a … Read more