Semidefinite Bounds for the Stability Number of a Graph via Sums of Squares of Polynomials

Lov\’ asz and Schrijver [1991] have constructed semidefinite relaxations for the stable set polytope of a graph $G=(V,E)$ by a sequence of lift-and-project operations; their procedure finds the stable set polytope in at most $\alpha(G)$ steps, where $\alpha(G)$ is the stability number of $G$. Two other hierarchies of semidefinite bounds for the stability number have … Read more

Strengthened Semidefinite Bounds for Codes

We give a hierarchy of semidefinite upper bounds for the maximum size $A(n,d)$ of a binary code of word length $n$ and minimum distance at least $d$. At any fixed stage in the hierarchy, the bound can be computed (to an arbitrary precision) in time polynomial in $n$; this is based on a result of … Read more

A PTAS for the minimization of polynomials of fixed degree over the simplex

We consider the problem of computing the minimum value $p_{\min}$ taken by a polynomial $p(x)$ of degree $d$ over the standard simplex $\Delta$. This is an NP-hard problem already for degree $d=2$. For any integer $k\ge 1$, by minimizing $p(x)$ over the set of rational points in $\Delta$ with denominator $k$, one obtains a hierarchy … Read more

Semidefinite Approximations for Global Unconstrained Polynomial Optimization

We consider here the problem of minimizing a polynomial function on $\oR^n$. The problem is known to be hard even for degree $4$. Therefore approximation algorithms are of interest. Lasserre \cite{lasserre:2001} and Parrilo \cite{Pa02a} have proposed approximating the minimum of the original problem using a hierarchy of lower bounds obtained via semidefinite programming relaxations. We … Read more

Semidefinite programming and integer programming

We survey how semidefinite programming can be used for finding good approximative solutions to hard combinatorial optimization problems. Citation Preliminary version appeared as Report PNA-R0210, CWI, Amsterdam, April 2002. To appear as Chapter in the Handbook on Discrete Optimization, K. Aardal, G. Nemhauser, R. Weismantel, eds., Elsevier Publishers. Article Download View Semidefinite programming and integer … Read more

Lower bound for the number of iterations in semidefinite hierarchies for the cut polytope

Hierarchies of semidefinite relaxations for $0/1$ polytopes have been constructed by Lasserre (2001a) and by Lov\’asz and Schrijver (1991), permitting to find the cut polytope of a graph on $n$ nodes in $n$ steps. We show that $\left\lceil {n\over 2} \right\rceil$ iterations are needed for finding the cut polytope of the complete graph $K_n$. Citation … Read more

Semidefinite relaxations for Max-Cut

We compare several semidefinite relaxations for the cut polytope obtained by applying the lift and project methods of Lov\’asz and Schrijver and of Lasserre. We show that the tightest relaxation is obtained when aplying the Lasserre construction to the node formulation of the max-cut problem. This relaxation $Q_t(G)$ can be defined as the projection on … Read more

A comparison of the Sherali-Adams, Lov\’asz-Schrijver and Lasserre relaxations for sh-1$ programming

Sherali and Adams \cite{SA90}, Lov\’asz and Schrijver \cite{LS91} and, recently, Lasserre \cite{Las01b} have proposed lift and project methods for constructing hierarchies of successive linear or semidefinite relaxations of a $0-1$ polytope $P\subseteq \oR^n$ converging to $P$ in $n$ steps. Lasserre’s approach uses results about representations of positive polynomials as sums of squares and the dual … Read more

Tighter Linear and Semidefinite Relaxations for Max-Cut Based on the Lov\’asz-Schrijver Lift-and-Project Procedure

We study how the lift-and-project method introduced by Lov\’az and Schrijver \cite{LS91} applies to the cut polytope. We show that the cut polytope of a graph can be found in $k$ iterations if there exist $k$ edges whose contraction produces a graph with no $K_5$-minor. Therefore, for a graph with $n\ge 4$ nodes, $n-4$ iterations … Read more