Optimal subgradient algorithms with application to large-scale linear inverse problems

This study addresses some algorithms for solving structured unconstrained convex optimization problems using first-order information where the underlying function includes high-dimensional data. The primary aim is to develop an implementable algorithmic framework for solving problems with multi-term composite objective functions involving linear mappings using the optimal subgradient algorithm, OSGA, proposed by {\sc Neumaier} in \cite{NeuO}. … Read more

The Direct Extension of ADMM for Multi-block Convex Minimization Problems is Not Necessarily Convergent

The alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) is now widely used in many fields, and its convergence was proved when two blocks of variables are alternatively updated. It is strongly desirable and practically valuable to extend ADMM directly to the case of a multi-block convex minimization problem where its objective function is the sum of … Read more

One condition for all: solution uniqueness and robustness of l1-synthesis and l1-analysis minimizations

The l1-synthesis and l1-analysis models recover structured signals from their undersampled measurements. The solution of the former model is often a sparse sum of dictionary atoms, and that of the latter model often makes sparse correlations with dictionary atoms. This paper addresses the question: when can we trust these models to recover specific signals? We … Read more

An adaptive accelerated proximal gradient method and its homotopy continuation for sparse optimization

We consider optimization problems with an objective function that is the sum of two convex terms: one is smooth and given by a black-box oracle, and the other is general but with a simple, known structure. We first present an accelerated proximal gradient (APG) method for problems where the smooth part of the objective function … Read more

Gradient methods for convex minimization: better rates under weaker conditions

The convergence behavior of gradient methods for minimizing convex differentiable functions is one of the core questions in convex optimization. This paper shows that their well-known complexities can be achieved under conditions weaker than the commonly assumed ones. We relax the common gradient Lipschitz-continuity condition and strong convexity condition to ones that hold only over … Read more

On the Global and Linear Convergence of the Generalized Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers

The formulation min f(x)+g(y) subject to Ax+By=b, where f and g are extended-value convex functions, arises in many application areas such as signal processing, imaging and image processing, statistics, and machine learning either naturally or after variable splitting. In many common problems, one of the two objective functions is strictly convex and has Lipschitz continuous … Read more

Error Forgetting of Bregman Iteration

This short article analyzes an interesting property of the Bregman iterative procedure, which is equivalent to the augmented Lagrangian method after a change of variable, for minimizing a convex piece-wise linear function J(x) subject to linear constraints Ax=b. The procedure obtains its solution by solving a sequence of unconstrained subproblems of minimizing J(x)+1/2||Ax-b^k||^2, where b^k … Read more

Augmented L1 and Nuclear-Norm Models with a Globally Linearly Convergent Algorithm

This paper studies the long-existing idea of adding a nice smooth function to “smooth” a non-differentiable objective function in the context of sparse optimization, in particular, the minimization of $||x||_1+1/(2\alpha)||x||_2^2$, where $x$ is a vector, as well as those of the minimization of $||X||_*+1/(2\alpha)||X||_F^2$, where $X$ is a matrix and $||X||_*$ and $||X||_F$ are the … Read more

A First-Order Augmented Lagrangian Method for Compressed Sensing

We propose a First-order Augmented Lagrangian algorithm (FAL) for solving the basis pursuit problem. FAL computes a solution to this problem by inexactly solving a sequence of L1-regularized least squares sub-problems. These sub-problems are solved using an infinite memory proximal gradient algorithm wherein each update reduces to “shrinkage” or constrained “shrinkage”. We show that FAL … Read more

SINCO – a greedy coordinate ascent method for sparse inverse covariance selection problem

In this paper, we consider the sparse inverse covariance selection problem which is equivalent to structure recovery of a Markov Network over Gaussian variables. We introduce a simple but efficient greedy algorithm, called {\em SINCO}, for solving the Sparse INverse COvariance problem. Our approach is based on coordinate ascent method which naturally preserves the sparsity … Read more