A Route-Based Algorithm for the Electric Vehicle Routing Problem with Multiple Technologies

Electric vehicles are seen as a pragmatic way of reducing emissions. In freight transportation, they prove to be appealing also in terms of costs, if proper planning algorithms are designed. We consider a variant of the electric vehicle routing problem: a fleet of identical vehicles of limited capacity needs to visit a set of customers … Read more

Joint Routing of Conventional and Range-Extended Electric Vehicles in a Large Metropolitan Network

Range-extended electric vehicles combine the higher efficiency and environmental benefits of battery-powered electric motors with the longer mileage and autonomy of conventional internal combustion engines. This combination is particularly advantageous for time-constrained delivery routing in dense urban areas, where battery recharging along routes can be too time-consuming to economically justify the use of all-electric vehicles. … Read more

Robust Integration of Electric Vehicles Charging Load in Smart Grid’s Capacity Expansion Planning

Battery charging of electric vehicles (EVs) needs to be properly coordinated by electricity producers to maintain network reliability. In this paper, we propose a robust approach to model the interaction between a large fleet of EV users and utilities in a long-term generation expansion planning problem. In doing so, we employ a robust multi-period adjustable … Read more

An exact solution approach for an electric bus dispatch problem

We study how to efficiently plan the daily bus dispatch operation within a public transport terminal working with a fleet of electric buses. This requires to formulate and solve a new variant of the Vehicle Scheduling Problem model, in which one has to assign trip itineraries to each vehicle considering that driving ranges are limited, … Read more

Arc routing with electric vehicles: dynamic charging and speed-dependent energy consumption

Concerns about greenhouse gas emissions and government regulations foster the use of electric vehicles. Several recently published articles study the use of electric vehicles (EVs) in node-routing problems. In contrast, this article considers EVs in the context of arc routing while also addressing practically relevant aspects that have not been addressed sufficiently so far. These … Read more

Location of charging stations in electric car sharing systems

Electric vehicles are a prime candidate for use within an urban car sharing system, both from an economic and environmental perspective. However, their relatively short range necessitates frequent and rather time-consuming recharging throughout the day. Thus, charging stations must be built throughout the system’s operational area where cars can be charged between uses. In this … Read more

A Benders Decomposition Approach for the Charging Station Location Problem with Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles

The flow refueling location problem (FRLP) locates $p$ stations in order to maximize the flow volume that can be accommodated in a road network respecting the range limitations of the vehicles. This paper introduces the charging station location problem with plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (CSLP-PHEV) as a generalization of the FRLP. We consider not only … Read more