Expert-Enhanced Machine Learning for Cardiac Arrhythmia Classification

We propose a new method for the classification task of distinguishing atrial Fibrillation (AFib) from regular atrial tachycardias including atrial Flutter (AFlu) on the basis of a surface electrocardiogram (ECG). Although recently many approaches for an automatic classification of cardiac arrhythmia were proposed, to our knowledge none of them can distinguish between these two. We … Read more

Mixed-Integer Optimal Control under Minimum Dwell Time Constraints

Tailored mixed-integer optimal control policies for real-world applications usually have to avoid very short successive changes of the active integer control. Minimum dwell time constraints express this requirement and can be included into the combinatorial integral approximation decomposition, which solves mixed-integer optimal control problems by solving one continuous nonlinear program and one mixed-integer linear program. … Read more

Multiphase Mixed-Integer Nonlinear Optimal Control of Hybrid Electric Vehicles

This paper considers the problem of computing the non-causal minimum-fuel energy management strategy of a hybrid electric vehicle on a given driving cycle. Specifically, we address the multiphase mixed-integer nonlinear optimal control problem arising when optimal gear choice, torque split and engine on/off controls are sought in off-line evaluations. We propose an efficient model by … Read more

Convexification of polynomial optimization problems by means of monomial patterns

Convexification is a core technique in global polynomial optimization. Currently, two different approaches compete in practice and in the literature. First, general approaches rooted in nonlinear programming. They are comparitively cheap from a computational point of view, but typically do not provide good (tight) relaxations with respect to bounds for the original problem. Second, approaches … Read more

Design, Implementation and Simulation of an MPC algorithm for Switched Nonlinear Systems under Combinatorial Constraints

Within this work, we present a warm-started algorithm for Model Predictive Control (MPC) of switched nonlinear systems under combinatorial constraints based on Combinatorial Integral Approximation (CIA). To facilitate high-speed solutions, we introduce a preprocessing step for complexity reduction of CIA problems, and include this approach within a new toolbox for solution of CIA problems with … Read more

Solving Quadratic Programs to High Precision using Scaled Iterative Refinement

Quadratic optimization problems (QPs) are ubiquitous, and solution algorithms have matured to a reliable technology. However, the precision of solutions is usually limited due to the underlying floating-point operations. This may cause inconveniences when solutions are used for rigorous reasoning. We contribute on three levels to overcome this issue. First, we present a novel refinement … Read more

Combinatorial Integral Approximation Decompositions for Mixed-Integer Optimal Control

Solving mixed-integer nonlinear programs (MINLPs) is hard in theory and practice. Decomposing the nonlinear and the integer part seems promising from a computational point of view. In general, however, no bounds on the objective value gap can be guaranteed and iterative procedures with potentially many subproblems are necessary. The situation is different for mixed-integer optimal … Read more

Combinatorial Integral Approximation for Mixed-Integer PDE-Constrained Optimization Problems

We apply the basic principles underlying combinatorial integral approximation methods for mixed-integer optimal control with ordinary differential equations in general, and the sum-up rounding algorithm specifically, to optimization problems with partial differential equation (PDE) constraints. By doing so, we identify two possible generalizations that are applicable to problems involving PDE constraints with mesh-dependent integer variables, … Read more

Global optimal control with the direct multiple shooting method

We propose to solve global optimal control problems with a new algorithm that is based on Bock’s direct multiple shooting method. We provide conditions and numerical evidence for a significant overall runtime reduction compared to the standard single shooting approach. Citation Optimal Control Applications and Methods, Vol. 39 (2), pp. 449–470, 2017 DOI 10.1002/oca.2324 Article … Read more

A Parallel Quadratic Programming Method for Dynamic Optimization Problems

Quadratic programming problems (QPs) that arise from dynamic optimization problems typically exhibit a very particular structure. We address the ubiquitous case where these QPs are strictly convex and propose a dual Newton strategy that exploits the block-bandedness similarly to an interior-point method. Still, the proposed method features warmstarting capabilities of active-set methods. We give details … Read more