Optimal deployment of indoor wireless local area networks

We present a two-phase methodology to address the problem of optimally deploying indoor wireless local area networks. In the first phase, we use Helmholtz’s equation to simulate electromagnetic fields in a typical environment such as an office floor. The linear system which results from the discretization of this partial differential equation is solved with a … Read more

Mathematical Programming formulations for the Alternating Current Optimal Power Flow problem

Power flow refers to the injection of power on the lines of an electrical grid, so that all the injections at the nodes form a consistent flow within the network. Optimality, in this setting, is usually intended as the minimization of the cost of generating power. Current can either be direct or alternating: while the … Read more

Cycle-based formulations in Distance Geometry

The distance geometry problem asks to find a realization of a given simple edge-weighted graph in a Euclidean space of given dimension K, where the edges are realized as straight segments of lengths equal (or as close as possible) to the edge weights. The problem is often modelled as a mathematical programming formulation involving decision … Read more

Distance geometry and data science

Data are often represented as graphs. Many common tasks in data science are based on distances between entities. While some data science methodologies natively take graphs as their input, there are many more that take their input in vectorial form. In this survey we discuss the fundamental problem of mapping graphs to vectors, and its … Read more

Random projections for quadratic programs

Random projections map a set of points in a high dimensional space to a lower dimen- sional one while approximately preserving all pairwise Euclidean distances. While random projections are usually applied to numerical data, we show they can be successfully applied to quadratic programming formulations over a set of linear inequality constraints. Instead of solving … Read more

MILP feasibility by nonlinear programming

We discuss a tightly feasible mixed-integer linear programs arising in the energy industry, for which branch-and-bound appears to be ineffective. We consider its hardness, measure the probability that randomly generated instances are feasible or almost feasible, and introduce heuristic solution methods based on relaxing different constraints of the problem. We show the computational efficiency of … Read more

Random projections for trust region subproblems

The trust region method is an algorithm traditionally used in the field of derivative free optimization. The method works by iteratively constructing surrogate models (often linear or quadratic functions) to approximate the true objective function inside some neighborhood of a current iterate. The neighborhood is called “trust region” in the sense that the model is … Read more

Random projections for linear programming

Random projections are random linear maps, sampled from appropriate distributions, that approximately preserve certain geometrical invariants so that the approximation improves as the dimension of the space grows. The well-known Johnson-Lindenstrauss lemma states that there are \LL{random matrices with surprisingly few rows} that approximately preserve pairwise Euclidean distances among a set of points. This is … Read more

QPLIB: A Library of Quadratic Programming Instances

This paper describes a new instance library for Quadratic Programming (QP), i.e., the family of continuous and (mixed)-integer optimization problems where the objective function, the constrains, or both are quadratic. QP is a very “varied” class of problems, comprising sub-classes of problems ranging from trivial to undecidable. Solution methods for QP are very diverse, ranging … Read more

Fast approximate solution of large dense linear programs

We show how random projections can be used to solve large-scale dense linear programs approximately. This is a new application of techniques which are now fairly well known in probabilistic algorithms, but have never yet been systematically applied to the fundamental class of Linear Programming. We develop the necessary theoretical framework, and show that this … Read more