On semi-infinite systems of convex polynomial inequalities and polynomial optimization problems

We consider the semi-infinite system of polynomial inequalities of the form \[ \mathbf{K}:=\{x\in\mathbb{R}^m\mid p(x,y)\ge 0,\ \ \forall y\in S\subseteq\mathbb{R}^n\}, \] where $p(X,Y)$ is a real polynomial in the variables $X$ and the parameters $Y$, the index set $S$ is a basic semialgebraic set in $\mathbb{R}^n$, $-p(X,y)$ is convex in $X$ for every $y\in S$. We … Read more

Sum of squares certificates for stability of planar, homogeneous, and switched systems

We show that existence of a global polynomial Lyapunov function for a homogeneous polynomial vector field or a planar polynomial vector field (under a mild condition) implies existence of a polynomial Lyapunov function that is a sum of squares (sos) and that the negative of its derivative is also a sum of squares. This result … Read more

On the local stability of semidefinite relaxations

In this paper we consider a parametric family of polynomial optimization problems over algebraic sets. Although these problems are typically nonconvex, tractable convex relaxations via semidefinite programming (SDP) have been proposed. Often times in applications there is a natural value of the parameters for which the relaxation will solve the problem exactly. We study conditions … Read more

Improving Efficiency and Scalability of Sum of Squares Optimization: Recent Advances and Limitations

It is well-known that any sum of squares (SOS) program can be cast as a semidefinite program (SDP) of a particular structure and that therein lies the computational bottleneck for SOS programs, as the SDPs generated by this procedure are large and costly to solve when the polynomials involved in the SOS programs have a … Read more

Minimizer extraction in polynomial optimization is robust

In this article we present a robustness analysis of the extraction of optimizers in polynomial optimization. Optimizers can be extracted by solving moment problems using flatness and the Gelfand-Naimark-Segal (GNS) construction. Here a modification of the GNS construction is presented that applies even to non-flat data, and then its sensitivity under perturbations is studied. The … Read more

Semi-infinite programming using high-degree polynomial interpolants and semidefinite programming

In a common formulation of semi-infinite programs, the infinite constraint set is a requirement that a function parametrized by the decision variables is nonnegative over an interval. If this function is sufficiently closely approximable by a polynomial or a rational function, then the semi-infinite program can be reformulated as an equivalent semidefinite program. Solving this … Read more

Alternating direction methods for non convex optimization with applications to second-order least-squares and risk parity portfolio selection

In this paper we mainly focus on optimization of sums of squares of quadratic functions, which we refer to as second-order least-squares problems, subject to convex constraints. Our motivation arises from applications in risk parity portfolio selection. We generalize the setting further by considering a class of nonlinear, non convex functions which admit a (non … Read more

Constrained trace-optimization of polynomials in freely noncommuting variables

The study of matrix inequalities in a dimension-free setting is in the realm of free real algebraic geometry (RAG). In this paper we investigate constrained trace and eigenvalue optimization of noncommutative polynomials. We present Lasserre’s relaxation scheme for trace optimization based on semidefinite programming (SDP) and demonstrate its convergence properties. Finite convergence of this relaxation … Read more

Rational sums of hermitian squares of free noncommutative polynomials

In this paper we consider polynomials in noncommuting variables that admit sum of hermitian squares and commutators decompositions. We recall algorithms for finding decompositions of this type that are based on semidefinite programming. The main part of the article investigates how to find such decomposition with rational coefficients if the original polynomial has rational coefficients. … Read more

A Complete Characterization of the Gap between Convexity and SOS-Convexity

Our first contribution in this paper is to prove that three natural sum of squares (sos) based sufficient conditions for convexity of polynomials via the definition of convexity, its first order characterization, and its second order characterization are equivalent. These three equivalent algebraic conditions, henceforth referred to as sos-convexity, can be checked by semidefinite programming … Read more