From Estimation to Optimization via Shrinkage

We study a class of quadratic stochastic programs where the distribution of random variables has unknown parameters. A traditional approach is to estimate the parameters using a maximum likelihood estimator (MLE) and to use this as input in the optimization problem. For the unconstrained case, we show that an estimator that “shrinks” the MLE towards … Read more

A Dense initialization for limited-memory quasi-Newton methods

We consider a family of dense initializations for limited-memory quasi-Newton methods. The proposed initialization exploits an eigendecomposition-based separation of the full space into two complementary subspaces, assigning a different initialization parameter to each subspace. This family of dense initializations is proposed in the context of a limited-memory Broyden- Fletcher-Goldfarb-Shanno (L-BFGS) trust-region method that makes use … Read more

The forwarder planning problem in a two-echelon network

This paper is motivated by the case of a forwarder in dealing with inland transportation planning from a seaport, where inbound containers from the sea are filled with pallets, which have different destinations in the landside. Although this forwarder does not have or control any vehicle, he is required to plan the assignment of containers … Read more

Minimizer extraction in polynomial optimization is robust

In this article we present a robustness analysis of the extraction of optimizers in polynomial optimization. Optimizers can be extracted by solving moment problems using flatness and the Gelfand-Naimark-Segal (GNS) construction. Here a modification of the GNS construction is presented that applies even to non-flat data, and then its sensitivity under perturbations is studied. The … Read more

Enriching Solutions to Combinatorial Problems via Solution Engineering

Existing approaches to identify multiple solutions to combinatorial problems in practice are at best limited in their ability to simultaneously incorporate both diversity among generated solutions, as well as problem-specific desires that are apriori unknown, or at least difficult to articulate, for the end-user. We propose a general framework that can generate a set of … Read more

A multi-period production and distribution optimization model for radiopharmaceuticals

This paper addresses the manufacturing and distribution of short-lived radio-pharmaceuticals which are mainly used in diagnostic imaging studies. We develop a mixed integer nonlinear optimization model that is flexible enough to capture the complex underlying nuclear physics of the production process of fludeoxyglucose (FDG), which is widely used in oncology and cardiology, as well as … Read more

Primal-Dual Optimization Algorithms over Riemannian Manifolds: an Iteration Complexity Analysis

In this paper we study nonconvex and nonsmooth multi-block optimization over Riemannian manifolds with coupled linear constraints. Such optimization problems naturally arise from machine learning, statistical learning, compressive sensing, image processing, and tensor PCA, among others. We develop an ADMM-like primal-dual approach based on decoupled solvable subroutines such as linearized proximal mappings. First, we introduce … Read more

On the equivalence of the primal-dual hybrid gradient method and Douglas-Rachford splitting

The primal-dual hybrid gradient (PDHG) algorithm proposed by Esser, Zhang, and Chan, and by Pock, Cremers, Bischof, and Chambolle is known to include as a special case the Douglas-Rachford splitting algorithm for minimizing the sum of two convex functions. We show that, conversely, the PDHG algorithm can be viewed as a special case of the … Read more

Tightness of a new and enhanced semidefinite relaxation for MIMO detection

In this paper, we consider a fundamental problem in modern digital communications known as multi-input multi-output (MIMO) detection, which can be formulated as a complex quadratic programming problem subject to unit-modulus and discrete argument constraints. Various semidefinite relaxation (SDR) based algorithms have been proposed to solve the problem in the literature. In this paper, we … Read more

Balancing Communication and Computation in Distributed Optimization

Methods for distributed optimization have received significant attention in recent years owing to their wide applicability in various domains including machine learning, robotics and sensor networks. A distributed optimization method typically consists of two key components: communication and computation. More specifically, at every iteration (or every several iterations) of a distributed algorithm, each node in … Read more