Distributional robustness and inequity mitigation in disaster preparedness of humanitarian operations

We study a predisaster relief network design problem with uncertain demands. The aim is to determine the prepositioning and reallocation of relief supplies. Motivated by the call of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to leave no one behind, we consider three important practical aspects of humanitarian operations: shortages, equity, … Read more

Risk-averse Regret Minimization in Multi-stage Stochastic Programs

Within the context of optimization under uncertainty, a well-known alternative to minimizing expected value or the worst-case scenario consists in minimizing regret. In a multi-stage stochastic programming setting with a discrete probability distribution, we explore the idea of risk-averse regret minimization, where the benchmark policy can only benefit from foreseeing Delta steps into the future. … Read more

A Column Generation Scheme for Distributionally Robust Multi-Item Newsvendor Problems

In this paper, we study a distributionally robust multi-item newsvendor problem, where the demand distribution is unknown but specified with a general event-wise ambiguity set. Using the event-wise affine decision rules, we can obtain a conservative approximation formulation of the problem, which can typically be further reformulated as a linear program. In order to efficiently … Read more

Robust Integration of Electric Vehicles Charging Load in Smart Grid’s Capacity Expansion Planning

Battery charging of electric vehicles (EVs) needs to be properly coordinated by electricity producers to maintain network reliability. In this paper, we propose a robust approach to model the interaction between a large fleet of EV users and utilities in a long-term generation expansion planning problem. In doing so, we employ a robust multi-period adjustable … Read more

Data-Driven Optimization with Distributionally Robust Second-Order Stochastic Dominance Constraints

Optimization with stochastic dominance constraints has recently received an increasing amount of attention in the quantitative risk management literature. Instead of requiring that the probabilistic description of the uncertain parameters be exactly known, this paper presents the first comprehensive study of a data-driven formulation of the distributionally robust second-order stochastic dominance constrained problem (DRSSDCP) that … Read more

Affine Decision Rule Approximation to Immunize against Demand Response Uncertainty in Smart Grids’ Capacity Planning

Generation expansion planning (GEP) is a classical problem that determines an optimal investment plan for existing and future electricity generation technologies. GEP is a computationally challenging problem, as it typically corresponds to a very large-scale problem that contains several sources of uncertainties. With the advent of demand response (DR) as a reserved capacity in modern … Read more

The Value of Randomized Strategies in Distributionally Robust Risk Averse Network Interdiction Games

Conditional Value at Risk (CVaR) is widely used to account for the preferences of a risk-averse agent in the extreme loss scenarios. To study the effectiveness of randomization in interdiction games with an interdictor that is both risk and ambiguity averse, we introduce a distributionally robust network interdiction game where the interdictor randomizes over the … Read more

Equal Risk Pricing and Hedging of Financial Derivatives with Convex Risk Measures

In this paper, we consider the problem of equal risk pricing and hedging in which the fair price of an option is the price that exposes both sides of the contract to the same level of risk. Focusing for the first time on the context where risk is measured according to convex risk measures, we … Read more

Adjustable Robust Optimization Reformulations of Two-Stage Worst-case Regret Minimization Problems

This paper explores the idea that two-stage worst-case regret minimization problems with either objective or right-hand side uncertainty can be reformulated as two-stage robust optimization problems and can therefore benefit from the solution schemes and theoretical knowledge that have been developed in the last decade for this class of problems. In particular, we identify conditions … Read more

Probabilistic Envelope Constrained Multiperiod Stochastic Emergency Medical Services Location Model and Decomposition Scheme

This paper considers a multiperiod Emergency Medical Services (EMS) location problem and introduces two two-stage stochastic programming formulations that account for uncertainty about emergency demand. While the first model considers both a constraint on the probability of covering the realized emergency demand and minimizing the expected cost of doing so, the second one employs probabilistic … Read more