On a Computationally Ill-Behaved Bilevel Problem with a Continuous and Nonconvex Lower Level

It is well known that bilevel optimization problems are hard to solve both in theory and practice. In this short note, we highlight a further computational difficulty when it comes to solving bilevel problems with continuous but nonconvex lower levels. Even if the lower-level problem is solved to ɛ-feasibility regarding its nonlinear constraints for an … Read more

Cardinality Minimization, Constraints, and Regularization: A Survey

We survey optimization problems that involve the cardinality of variable vectors in constraints or the objective function. We provide a unified viewpoint on the general problem classes and models, and give concrete examples from diverse application fields such as signal and image processing, portfolio selection, or machine learning. The paper discusses general-purpose modeling techniques and … Read more

Complexity, Exactness, and Rationality in Polynomial Optimization

We study representation of solutions and certificates to quadratic and cubic optimization problems. Specifically, we focus on minimizing a cubic function over a polyhedron and also minimizing a linear function over quadratic constraints. We show when there exist rational feasible solutions (and if we can detect them) and when we can prove feasibility of sublevel … Read more

Mathematical Programming formulations for the Alternating Current Optimal Power Flow problem

Power flow refers to the injection of power on the lines of an electrical grid, so that all the injections at the nodes form a consistent flow within the network. Optimality, in this setting, is usually intended as the minimization of the cost of generating power. Current can either be direct or alternating: while the … Read more

Outer-Product-Free Sets for Polynomial Optimization and Oracle-Based Cuts

Cutting planes are derived from specific problem structures, such as a single linear constraint from an integer program. This paper introduces cuts that involve minimal structural assumptions, enabling the generation of strong polyhedral relaxations for a broad class of problems. We consider valid inequalities for the set $S\cap P$, where $S$ is a closed set, … Read more

Two-sided linear chance constraints and extensions

We examine the convexity and tractability of the two-sided linear chance constraint model under Gaussian uncertainty. We show that these constraints can be applied directly to model a larger class of nonlinear chance constraints as well as provide a reasonable approximation for a challenging class of quadratic chance constraints of direct interest for applications in … Read more

LP formulations for mixed-integer polynomial optimization problems

We present polynomial-time algorithms for constrained optimization problems overwhere the intersection graph of the constraint set has bounded tree-width. In the case of binary variables we obtain exact, polynomial-size linear programming formulations for the problem. In the mixed-integer case with bounded variables we obtain polynomial-size linear programming representations that attain guaranteed optimality and feasibility bounds. … Read more

Approximation Algorithms for the Incremental Knapsack Problem via Disjunctive Programming

In the \emph{incremental knapsack problem} ($\IK$), we are given a knapsack whose capacity grows weakly as a function of time. There is a time horizon of $T$ periods and the capacity of the knapsack is $B_t$ in period $t$ for $t = 1, \ldots, T$. We are also given a set $S$ of $N$ items … Read more

Polynomial solvability of variants of the trust-region subproblem

The trust region subproblem concerns the minimization of a general quadratic over the unit ball in R^n. Extensions to this problem are of interest because of applications to, for example, combinatorial optimization. However the extension obtained by adding an arbitrary family of linear side constraints is NP-hard. In this paper we consider variants of the … Read more