A Clustering-based uncertainty set for Robust Optimization

Robust Optimization (RO) is an approach to tackle uncertainties in the parameters of an optimization problem. Constructing an uncertainty set is crucial for RO, as it determines the quality and the conservativeness of the solutions. In this paper, we introduce an approach for constructing a data-driven uncertainty set through volume-based clustering, which we call Minimum-Volume … Read more

Heuristic Methods for Mixed-Integer, Linear, and Γ-Robust Bilevel Problems

Due to their nested structure, bilevel problems are intrinsically hard to solve–even if all variables are continuous and all parameters of the problem are exactly known. In this paper, we study mixed-integer linear bilevel problems with lower-level objective uncertainty, which we address using the notion of Γ-robustness. To tackle the Γ-robust counterpart of the bilevel … Read more

A Parametric Approach for Solving Convex Quadratic Optimization with Indicators Over Trees

This paper investigates convex quadratic optimization problems involving $n$ indicator variables, each associated with a continuous variable, particularly focusing on scenarios where the matrix $Q$ defining the quadratic term is positive definite and its sparsity pattern corresponds to the adjacency matrix of a tree graph. We introduce a graph-based dynamic programming algorithm that solves this … Read more

Tricks from the Trade for Large-Scale Markdown Pricing: Heuristic Cut Generation for Lagrangian Decomposition

In automated decision making processes in the online fashion industry, the ‘predict-then-optimize’ paradigm is frequently applied, particularly for markdown pricing strategies. This typically involves a mixed-integer optimization step, which is crucial for maximizing profit and merchandise volume. In practice, the size and complexity of the optimization problem is prohibitive for using off-the-shelf solvers for mixed … Read more

A Sequential Benders-based Mixed-Integer Quadratic Programming Algorithm

For continuous decision spaces, nonlinear programs (NLPs) can be efficiently solved via sequential quadratic programming (SQP) and, more generally, sequential convex programming (SCP). These algorithms linearize only the nonlinear equality constraints and keep the outer convex structure of the problem intact, such as (conic) inequality constraints or convex objective terms. The aim of the presented … Read more

Polyhedral Analysis of Quadratic Optimization Problems with Stieltjes Matrices and Indicators

In this paper, we consider convex quadratic optimization problems with indicators on the continuous variables. In particular, we assume that the Hessian of the quadratic term is a Stieltjes matrix, which naturally appears in sparse graphical inference problems and others. We describe an explicit convex formulation for the problem by studying the Stieltjes polyhedron arising … Read more

An MILP-Based Solution Scheme for Factored and Robust Factored Markov Decision Processes

Factored Markov decision processes (MDPs) are a prominent paradigm within the artificial intelligence community for modeling and solving large-scale MDPs whose rewards and dynamics decompose into smaller, loosely interacting components. Through the use of dynamic Bayesian networks and context-specific independence, factored MDPs can achieve an exponential reduction in the state space of an MDP and … Read more

Network Flow Models for Robust Binary Optimization with Selective Adaptability

Adaptive robust optimization problems have received significant attention in recent years, but remain notoriously difficult to solve when recourse decisions are discrete in nature. In this paper, we propose new reformulation techniques for adaptive robust binary optimization (ARBO) problems with objective uncertainty. Without loss of generality, we focus on ARBO problems with “selective adaptability”, a … Read more

A diving heuristic for mixed-integer problems with unbounded semi-continuous variables

Semi-continuous decision variables arise naturally in many real-world applications. They are defined to take either value zero or any value within a specified range, and occur mainly to prevent small nonzero values in the solution. One particular challenge that can come with semi-continuous variables in practical models is that their upper bound may be large … Read more

Adjustable Robust Nonlinear Network Design under Demand Uncertainties

We study network design problems for nonlinear and nonconvex flow models under demand uncertainties. To this end, we apply the concept of adjustable robust optimization to compute a network design that admits a feasible transport for all, possibly infinitely many, demand scenarios within a given uncertainty set. For solving the corresponding adjustable robust mixed-integer nonlinear … Read more